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铁路变配电所无人值守远距离视频监控系统好还是电力巡检机器人好?

发布时间:2019/03/18浏览数量:1588发布出处:本站
作者:深圳华瑞通科技有限公司
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ZHAIYAO:TIELUBIANPEIDIANSUOYUANJULISHIPINJIANKONGXITONGHAOHAISHIDIANLIXUNJIANJIQIRENHAO?SUIZHEWOGUOKEXUEJISHUBUDUANFAZHAN,TIELUXIANGGUANJISHUHESHUIPINGYEYUELAIYUESHOUDAORENMENDEZHONGSHI,DANGQIAN,WOGUOZHENGCHUZAIYIGEZIDONGHUABUDUANFAZHANHEQIANJINDESHIQI,TIELUBIANPEIDIANSUODEWURENZHISHOUHUAYUNXINGYECHENGWEILESHIDAIFAZHANGUOCHENG

关键词:

铁路变配电所远距离视频监控系统好还是电力巡检机器人好?随着我国科学技术不断发展,铁路相关技术和水平也越来越受到人们的重视,当前,我国正处在一个自动化不断发展和前进的时期,铁路变配电所的无人值守化运行也成为了时代发展过程中的一个非常重要的趋势,因为这种运行方式能够节约变配电所电力生产过程中的人力、物力和财力投入,有效提升电力巡检的管理效率。从实现方式上来分,目前主要有两种:无人值守远距离视频监控系统、无人值守电力巡检机器人。本文就这两种无人值守运行方式,从设备自身特点、环境适应性、系统改造要求、巡检实时性、系统功能、安全性、投资成本等方面进行分析,比较各自的优势与不足。



1、巡检速度对比

3d走势图带连线图 ZHINENGXUNJIANJIQIRENWULUNSHILUNSHI、ZUSHI、LVDAISHI、HUNHESHI,QIPINGJUNXINGSHISUDUDAYUEWEI1.5M/S,XUNJIANSUDUDIYU1.0M/S,YI400GEXUNJIANCHANGJINGLAISUAN,YUNXINGYICIWANZHENGDEXUNSHIZUOYEDAYUEXUYAO3XIAOSHIZUOYOU。


无人值守远距离视频监控系统3d走势图带连线图采用智能高清球型、云台型摄像机进行智能巡检,每个场景之间的切换时间低于200毫秒,每个场景的巡检时间可自定义长短,同样以400个巡视场景、每个场景停留5秒来计算,完成一次变电所巡检大约需要35分钟。




2、续航时间

MUQIANYINGYONGYUGONGDIANXITONGDEZHINENGXUNJIANJIQIRENJUNCAIYONGDIANCHIGONGDIAN,SHOUXIANYUDIANCHIRONGLIANGDEYINSU,QIXUHANGSHIJIANPUBIANBUGAO,YOUXIEJIQIRENCHONGMANDIANHOUSHENZHIBUNENGGOUWANCHENGYICIWANZHENGDEXUNSHIZUOYE,XUYAOERCICHONGDIANHOUCAINENGWANCHENGXUNSHIRENWU。




WURENZHISHOUYUANJULISHIPINJIANKONGXITONGSUOYOUXINXICAIJIZHONGDUAN(BAOKUOWENSHIDU、YANWU、SHUIJIN、SF6DENGHUANJINGLIANGJIANCESHEBEI;DENGGUANG、KONGDIAO、FENGJIDENGZHINENGKONGZHISHEBEI;ICKA/ZHIWEN/RENLIANSHIBIEMENJINDENGSHENFENSHIBIESHEBEI;DIANZIWEILAN、HONGWAIDUISHE、SHENGGUANGBAOJINGQIDENGZHOUJIEANFANGSHEBEI;ZHINENGGAOQINGJIANKONGSHEXIANGJI、SHIYINQIDENGZHINENGXUNSHISHEBEI;HONGWAIREXIANGYI、WUXIANCEWENYIDENGZHINENGCEWENSHEBEI)JUNSHIYONGJIZHONGGONGDIAN,BUCUNZAIXUHANGSHIJIANDEWENTI,

KEYI24XIAOSHIQUANTIANHOUZAIXIANBAOZHANGBIANDIANSUODEYUNXINGANQUAN,SUISHIKEDUIBIANPEIDIANSUOYICI、ERCISHEBEIJINXINGXUNSHI、XUNJIAN、JIANCE、JIANKONG、YUANCHENGYAOKONGDENG。



3、环境适应性对比


电力巡检机器人3d走势图带连线图是以移动机器人作为载体,以可见光摄像机、红外热成像仪、及其它检测仪器作为载荷系统,通过自动或人工两种控制方式完成变电所内的巡视作业,当遇到雨雪、雾霾、台风、大雾等恶劣天气情况时,机器人在室外的巡检效率有可能会降低,甚至完不成巡检任务。(沿海地区经常会面临台风、雷暴等恶劣天气的袭扰,机器人若是配重不够,或是因风力、地形等原因有可能会发生倾倒、侧翻等情况。)


WURENZHISHOUYUANJULISHIPINJIANKONGXITONGZAISHIWAIBUMENCAIYONGHONGWAIGAOQINGSHEXIANGJI,ZAIYEWANHEGUANGXIANJIAOANDEQINGKUANGXIAYENENGCAIJIDAOGAOQINGTUXIANG,IP66YISHANGFANGHUDENGJIQUEBAOSHACHEN、YUTIANYENENGZHENGCHANGYUNXING,SHEXIANGJINEIZHISANREFENGSHANHEJIAREQIWANCHENGNENGGOUMANZUDONG、XIAJI、GAODIWENHUANJINGXIADEZHENGCHANGYUNXING,QITASHIWAISHEBEIJUNCAIYONGGUDINGANZHUANGFANGSHI,ANZHAOXIANGGUANGUIFAN、BIAOZHUNJINXINGKEKAOANZHUANG。


4、系统建设要求对比

3d走势图带连线图 ZHINENGXUNJIANJIQIRENDUIBIANDIANSUODEDIXINGYAOQIUBIJIAOGAO,BIANDIANSUOSHINEI/WAICHANGDIDEPODUYIBANBUNENGDAYU10°,ZHINENGXUNJIANJIQIRENRUGUOYAOJINRUSHINEI,XUYAOGAIZAOLOUTI,XUYAOCHAICHUXIANYOUDANGSHUBAN,XUYAOJIANGZHUKONGSHI/GAOYASHIMENGAIZAOCHENGZIDONGGANYINGMEN,ZAIGANYINGDAOJIQIRENKAOJINSHIZIDONGDAKAIXIANGYINGDAMEN,ERDUIYUDIXIAXIANLANCENGDEXUNJIANGONGZUO,JIUYOUXIE“LIBUCONGXIN”。


WURENZHISHOUYUANJULISHIPINJIANKONGXITONGBUXUYAODUIBIANPEIDIANSUONEIJIANZHUSHESHIJINXINGGAIZAO,JINXUYAOZENGJIARUOGANZHONGDUANXINXICAIJISHEBEIJIKESHIXIANBIANDIANSUODEZHINENGXUNSHI、JIANCE、YUANCHENGYAOKONGDENG。SHENZHIKEYICAIYONGLIJIU、BUQIANG、DUIJIEDEFANGSHI,DUIBIANDIANSUOJIYOUSHEBEIJIAYILIYONG、WANSHAN,ZUIDACHENGDUDEJIANGDIJIANSHECHENGBEN。



5、实时性、及时性对比


CAIYONGXUNJIANJIQIRENJINXINGBIANDIANSUODEWURENZHISHOU,QIBUSHUSHULIANGYIBANBUHUIDAYU2TAO。ERMEIYITAOXUNJIANJIQIRENYINANZHUANGKONGJIAN、FUZAI、DIANLIQUDONGDENGXINGNENGYUANYIN,BUHUIDAZAIGUODUODESHEXIANGJIJIQITACHUANGANQI,ZHEIJIUHUIDAOZHIYIXIAJIGEWENTI:


3d走势图带连线图 1)BUNENGGOUSHIXIANBIANDIANSUOQUANCHANGJING、24XIAOSHISHISHIJIANCE。


2)CHONGDIANSHIWUFAJINXINGXUNJIAN:SUIRANXUNSHIJIQIRENYIJUBEIZIDONGCHONGDIANGONGNENG,DANYOUYUQICHONGDIANZHUANGWEIZHIGUDING,JIUBIRANHUIDAOZHICHONGDIANQIJIANWUFAJINXINGXUNJIANYUJIANCE。


3)JIANCEADIANSHI,WUFALEJIEBDIANQINGKUANG:YOUYUJIQIRENDAJIANDESHEXIANGJIJICHUANGANQIJIAOSHAO,ERBIANDIANSUONEIXUYAOXUNJIANDECHANGJINGQUEFEICHANGDUO,DANGJIQIRENZAIDUIACHANGJINGJINXINGXUNSHISHI,YUANCHENGZHISHOURENYUANXUYAOCHAKANBCHANGJINGDESHEBEIYUNXINGQINGKUANG,CISHI,JIQIRENYAOMEBUNENGWANCHENGCHANGJINGQIEHUAN,YAOMEZHINENGRENGONGKONGZHIJIQIRENQIANQUZHIDINGDECHANGJING。


4)DAIJISHIWUFAKUAISUBENFUJIANCEDIAN:JIQIRENZAIFEIXUNJIANSHIJIANNEI(CHONGDIAN、WEIXIU、DAIJI)WUFADUIBIANDIANSUOSHESHIJINXINGJIANCE。RUODIAODUZHONGXINZHISHOURENYUANXUYAOCHAKANMOUCHANGJINGZHUANGZHIYUNXINGQINGKUANG,CISHI,JIQIRENYAOMEANYUDINGDEZHILINGYUNDONG,YAOMETONGGUORENGONGKONGZHIDAODAXIANCHANG,ERWULUNNAZHONGCAOZUO,ZAIDAODAMUBIAOJIANCEDIANSHIDOUHUIYOUGEXINGZOUGUOCHENG,KAOLVDAOJIQIRENDEXINGZOUSUDU,ZHEIBIRANHUIYANZHANGZHISHOURENYUANJINXINGSHIJIANCHAKANDESHIXIAOXING,BUNENGGOUJISHICHAKANZHIDINGCHANGJING。


5)SHEBEIWEIHU、BAOYANGSHIJIANZHANG,SHEBEIYIDANTINGYONG,ZHENGGEBIANDIANSUOJIANGMIANLINWU“REN”ZHISHOUDEQINGKUANG。


WURENZHISHOUYUANJULISHIPINJIANKONGXITONG,BULUNSHINAYILEIZHONGDUANCHUANGANQI,SHEXIANGJI,JUNNENGGOUSHIXIANBIANDIANSUODEQUANCHANGJINGFUGAI,QIESHEBEI24XIAOSHIQUANTIANZAIXIAN,NENGGOUSHIXIANBIANDIANSUODESHISHIJIANCE,DUOGECHANGJINGZHIJIANKUAISUQIEHUAN。MOUYIGESHEBEICHUXIANGUZHANG,BUHUIYINGXIANGZHENGGEBIANDIANSUODEWURENZHISHOUJIANCE。


6、业务功能


WULUNSHIZHINENGXUNJIANJIQIRENHAISHIYUANCHENGSHIKONGXITONG,QIZUIZHONGMUBIAOSHIYAOSHIXIANQIANYINBIANDIANSUODEWURENZHISHOU,ERYAOSHIXIANZHENZHENGWURENZHISHOU,JIUXUYAOZAIGONGNENGSHANGJINKENENGDEFENGFU,YEWUSHANGJINKENENGDEFUGAIBIANDIANSUODEFANGFANGMIANMIAN。


DIANLIXUNJIANJIQIRENZHUYAOJUBEIZHINENGXUNJIAN、ZHINENGCEWEN、BUFENHUANJINGLIANG(WENSHIDU、FENGLI、SHENGYIN)JIANCEDENGGONGNENG,DUISHIWAISHEBEIDEWAIGUAN、YUNXINGZHUANGTAI、ZHUYAOBUWEIDEWENDUJINXINGJIANCE,TONGSHINENGGOUSHENGCHENGXIANGYINGDEXUNJIANBAOGAO,DANBUNENGGENBIANDIANSUOQITAZIXITONG(ZHURUZHOUJIEANFANG、MENJIN、DUIJIANG、XIAOFANG、FENGJI、KONGDIAODENG)JINXINGLIANDONG。


3d走势图带连线图 ERWURENZHISHOUYUANJULISHIPINJIANKONGXITONG,CHULENENGGOUSHIXIANJIQIRENSUOJUBEIDEYISHANGGONGNENGWAI,HAIKEYISHIXIAN:


1)WENSHIDU、YANGAN、SHUIJIN、SF6QITIXIELUJIANCE;

3d走势图带连线图 2)SHIWAIFENGLI、SHENGYIN、JIANGYULIANG、DIZHENDENGHUANJINGJIANCE;

3d走势图带连线图 3)SHINEIDENGGUANG、FENGJI、KONGDIAO、CHUANGLIANDENGDEYUANCHENGKONGZHIYUZHINENGLIANDONG;

4)SHEBEINEIBU、PINGJUNEIBUSHEBEIYUANCHENGWUXIANCEWEN;

5)ZHOUJIEANQUANFANGFANJIGAOJINGLIANDONG:DUIBIANDIANSUODAMENJIWEIQIANGJINXINGFANGRUQINJIANCE,DUIFEIFARUQINRENYUANJINXINGGAOJING、JINGBAO/YUYINQUGAN,BINGNENGGOULIANDONGSHEXIANGJI,SHEXIANGJIZIDONGDUIGAOJINGFANGQUZHUATU、ZHINENGGENZONG、XINGWEIFENXI、GUIJIYANPANDENG。

3d走势图带连线图 6)BIANDIANSUOJINCHURENYUANSHENFENSHIBIEJIZHINENGLIANDONG:DUIBIANDIANSUOZHONGYAOMENJINXINGJIANCEHEKONGZHI,DUIZHUKONGSHI、GAOYASHIRENYUANJINCHUJINXINGGUANLI,SHISHIJIANCEGEMENDEKAIGUANZHUANGTAI,KAIMENDONGZUOLIANDONGSHEXIANGJIZHUAPAI;KESHIXIANXITONGYUANCHENGKAIMEN;KEDUIBIANDIANSUOGEMENDEJINCHUJILU、RENYUANXINXIDENGJINXINGCHAXUN、HUISU。




7、安全性

电力巡检机器人,无论是轮式、足式、履带式、还是混合式,由于其具备自主行走的功能,在安全性方面,潜存着与变电所电力设施发生触碰的可能性,尤其在机器人云台升起的情况下:


1)SHEBEI、CHENGXUYICHANGDAOZHIJIQIRENSHILING,CUNZAIYUDIANLISHESHIFASHENGCHUPENGDEKENENG;

2)XITONGJIZHANYICHANGDAOZHIJIQIRENZIDONGXUNJIANCHUCUO,CUNZAIYUDIANLISHESHIFASHENGCHUPENGDEKENENG;

3)ZHISHOURENYUANSHOUDONGCAOZUOJIQIRENSHI,WANGLUOCHUANSHUGUZHANG、CAOZUOMINGLINGYANCHI,CUNZAIYUDIANLISHESHIFASHENGCHUPENGDEKENENG;

3d走势图带连线图 ERXIANGDUIYINGDEYUANCHENGSHIKONGXITONGZAIBIANDIANSUOWURENZHISHOUANQUANXINGFANGMIAN,JUBEIYIXIATEDIAN:


1)BUJIECHU、BUGANRAO:XITONGQIANDUANXINXICAIJISHEBEICAIYONGGUDINGSHIKEKAOANZHUANG,YUBIANDIANSUOYICI、ERCISHEBEIJUNBAOCHIYOUZUGOUANQUANDEWULIJULI,BUJIECHUBIANDIANSUONEIZHUYAOSHEBEI;XITONGWANGLUOXINDAOYUGONGDIANDUANZHIHUIDIAODUZHONGXINGONGZUOZHANCAIYONGDULIWANGDUAN,BUGANRAOTIELUTONGXUNZHUANWANGNEIQITAYEWUXITONGDESHUJUCHUANSHU;DUANDUANKONGZHIPINGTAIKEHUDUANCAIYONGDULIGONGZUOZHANDIANNAO,DIANNAONEIBUANZHUANGGONGDIANXITONGQITAXITONGDEYINGYONGCHENGXU,QIRUANJIANYUNXINGBUGANRAOGONGDIANDUANQITAYEWUXITONGDEYUNXING。


2)不对接、不影响:无人值守远距离视频监控系统原则上不与变电所现在正在运行的第三方系统进行对接,所有数据均来自本系统进行独立采集,不影响变电所其它系统的正常运行。


3)ZHICAIJI、BUKONGZHI:XITONGZAIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUODULIJIANSHEDESHEXIANGJIXITONGDUIBIANDIANSUODEYINSHIPIN、TUPIANJINXINGCAIJI;TONGGUODULIJIANSHEDEDONGHUANXITONGDUIBIANDIANSUODEHUANJINGLIANG、GAOJINGXINXIDENGSHUJUJINXINGCAIJI;TONGGUODULIJIANSHEDEMENJINXITONGSHIXIANSHENFENSHIBIEYUGUANLI,BUDUIBIANDIANSUOYICI、ERCISHEBEIJINXINGKONGZHI,BUHUIGANRAOBIANDIANSUODIANLISHESHIDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING。


8、建设成本

MUQIANSHICHANGTUICHUDEGONGDIANXITONGZHINENGXUNJIANJIQIRENXITONG,QIJIANSHECHENGBENZHUYAOFENWEI:(1)GONGDIANDUANDIAODUPINGTAICHENGBEN、(2)BIANDIANSUOPINGTAICHENGBEN、(3)CHANGDIGAIZAOCHENGBEN、(4)JIQIRENBENTI、(5)JIQIRENDAPEIDEZHONGDUANSHEBEICHENGBEN。RUOYAOJIANSHEXUNSHIJIQIRENWURENZHISHOUXITONG,CHULEDUANDUANPINGTAIJIANSHE、SUODUANPINGTAIJIANSHEWAI,BIANDIANSUOJIANSHEBIXUYAOTOURUXIANGDANGBILIDEZIJINJINXINGCHANGDIJIANSHEJIJIQIRENCAIGOU,KEZIYOUDAPEIDECHUANGANQIBUFENJINZHANXIANGMUTOUZIDEYIXIAOBUFENZIJIN,XIANGMUZIJINTOURUBUGOUDUOLINGHUO。


无人值守远距离视频监控系统,其建设成本主要分为:(1)供电段调度平台成本、(2)变电所平台成本、(3)变电所各传感器子系统模块。要建设远程视控无人值守系统,除了段端平台建设、所端平台建设外,其余资金完全可以根据变电所需求及资金情况,进行模块化自由搭配,有选择性的进行建设,而不必要一次性投入大量资金。





YOUSHANGTUKEYIKANCHU:ZAIXIANGMUYUSUANYOUXIAN、ZIJINBUZUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIANSHEYUANCHENGSHIKONGWURENZHISHOUXITONG,JUYOUGENGDADELINGHUOXING。ZAIGONGDIANDUANDUANPINGTAIJIANSHEHAODEQINGKUANGXIA,YIBIANDIANSUO

150WANZIJINTOURUWEILI,RUOYAOJINXINGJIQIRENZHISHOUXITONGJIANSHE,YOUKENENGZHINENGJIANSHEYIGEBIANDIANSUO;DANRUOYIYUANCHENGSHIKONGXITONGDEGONGNENGMOKUAIHUAFANGSHIJINXING,JIANSHE2GE、SHENZHI3GEBIANDIANSUODOUYOUKENENG。


结束语


SUIZHEWOGUOTIELUSHIYEDEBUDUANFAZHAN,CHUANTONGDETIELUBIANPEIDIANSUOZHISHOUFANGSHIYIBUNENGSHIYINGXIANDAIHUADEGUANLIMOSHI。SUIZHEXINJISHU、XINSHEBEI、XINGONGYIZAIBIANPEIDIANSUOZHONGDEYINGYONG,DUIXUNSHIGONGJUDESHIYONGHEGENGXINYIJIXUNSHIRENYUANDEZONGHENENGLITICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU,DUIBUMENGUANLIFANGSHIYETICHULEXINDETIAOZHAN。ZHIYOUQIESHITIGAOWURENZHISHOUBIANPEIDIANSUODEXUNSHIANQUANJIXIAOLV,CAINENGQUEBAOTIELUQIANYINGONGDIANDEANQUANKEKAOYUNXING。



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